Gum Disease begins when plaque (flurry layer consisting of bacteria) is allowed to build up between your teeth and gums. The initial signs may be bleeding gums on brushing or redness, swelling or pain in the gums. This stage is known as gingivitis and is easily reversible. We can remove the plaque, tartar, and toxins causing this inflammation via using the ultrasonic and hand instruments (scaling). This would be followed by oral hygiene instructions and planning a specific home care regime tailored to your requirements. Using a solid combination of professional cleanings, home care, and regular follow-up visits, the health of the gums can be maintained.
If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis. This is a more serious condition that involves the destruction of the supporting jawbones. The teeth may eventually become loose or may have to be extracted (in very advanced stages).
Depending on the severity of the periodontal disease, the treatment may range from deep cleanings (scaling & root planning) with a combination of some medications. Deep cleaning is usually done one quadrant of the mouth at a time. All the tartar deposits, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line then the rough spots on root surfaces are made smooth (root planning). Some antibiotics may also be recommended. Very strict home care with regular follow-ups will help you to stabilize the condition and maintain the health of your gums.
Advanced stages may require advanced treatments like surgery and will need a referral to a Periodontist (gum specialist).